Carbon footprint is the basically the emission of greenhouse gas, that primarily consists of carbon dioxide, associated with a company or an event. Growth in greenhouse gas emission levels, leading to the increase in carbon footprint, is the main cause of climate change that has led to global warming.
Day by day our increasing carbon footprint are having adverse effects on the environment. Sudden changes in temperatures and shifting climate patterns are changing the growing structure of plants and are leading the native vegetation to move to cooler climates. Sea levels are soaring as the temperature of our planet is increasing. Warmer water takes a little more space than cooler ones. Rising seas will not only scrape away shorelines and devastate the ecosystems, but chances are that the coastal cities and towns could be replaced by rising seas.
The increasing shifts in climates because of increasing temperatures and changes in weather patterns, is not only affecting the vegetation, but is also harming the wildlife that largely depends on it. For instance, what if birds come to a certain place to hunt for plants that might or might not bloom due to erratic climate changes. And the Arctic ice that melts destroys the hunting ground of polar bears. As per the Nature Conservancy reports, one-quarter of the Earth’s species will become extinction in the next 40 years if climate change continues to increase at its current rate.
Our increased carbon footprint has the ability to affect and harm our health. The ones highly at risk are women that work in agricultural field and the children. As per the World Health Organization reports, climate change is expected to higher the percentage of people living in Mali to suffer from hunger forty years from now and sadly the estimated percent is expected to be 34-64 percent. A growth in malnutrition rate is also assumed to increase due to the ongoing climate changes that is affecting food crops in the form of droughts. Drought also leads to diarrhoeal diseases because the access to safe water is a highly compromised.
Vector-borne diseases such as malaria are soaring because the increase in temperature is allowing the malarious mosquitoes to survive in countries that were too cool for them before. Lastly, an upsurge in the air pollution has lead to an increase in respiratory problems such as asthma and many other allergies.
Increasing carbon footprint possess a threat to the economy as well. Continuous climate changes will affect local economies that are hugely dependent on land and natural resources. For example, farms might fall victim to lowered crop yields and so on. As per the Nature Conservancy reports, economic losses due to increased carbon footprint and the ongoing climate change has possessed a threat to the lobster industry in New England. The increased level of ocean temperatures is posing a threat to the coral reefs.
A lot of companies are responsible for the increase in carbon footprints too. Therefore, more and more companies are now eagerly searching for means to reduce or minimize their carbon footprint. A lot of them are using Big Data as they are worried about the existence of their operations in a world where changes in weather patterns and the extent of temperature could affect, for example, the farmers supplying their produce, or higher the cost of cooling their data hubs.
Big data is a most reliable tool that results in lowering carbon footprints in the most efficient and feasible and economical way.